Newari (Nepal Bhasa)

Online Dictionary: Newari Lexicon based on the Amarakosa

Bendix, Edward H. 1974. “Indo-Aryan and Tibeto-Burman Contact. As seen through Nepali and Newari Verb Tenses.” Franklin C. Southworth & Mahadev L. Apte (eds.): Contact and Convergence in South Asian Languages. (= International Journal of Dravidian Linguistics 3/1, special issue). Kariyavattom, Trivandrum, India: Department of Linguistics, University of Kerala. 42-59

Bendix, Edward H. 1984. “The metaterm ‘cause’: Exploring a definition in Newari and English.” Lawrence J. Raphael et al. (eds.). Language and cognition: Essays in honor of Arthur J. Bronstein. New York: Plenum Press. 11-27

Bendix, Edward. 1992. “The grammaticalization of responsibility and evidence: interactional potential of evidential categories in Newari.” In J. Hill & J.T. Irvine (eds.). Responsibility and Evidence in Oral Discourse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Bendix, Edward H. to appear. “Evidentials and levels of assertion as strategic resources in Newari.” Jane H. Hill and Judith T. Irvine (eds.). Responsibility and evidence in oral discourse.

Bhaskararao, Peri & S.K. Joshi. 1985. “A study of Newari classifiers.” Bulletin of the Deccan College Research Institute 44:17-31

Conrady, A. 1891. “Das Newari: Grammatik und Sprachproben.” Zeitschrift der deutschen morgenländischen Gesellschaft 45:1-35

Conrady, A. 1893. “Ein Sanskrit-Newari Wörterbuch, aus dem Nachlasse Minayeffs herausgegeben.” Zeitschrift der deutschen morgenländischen Gesellschaft 47:214-26

Cook, Kenneth. 1986. “The semantics of Newari case marking distinctions.” Scott DeLancey & Russel S. Tomlin (eds.). Proceedings of the second annual meeting of the Pacific Linguistics Conference. Eugene: University of Oregon, Department of Linguistics. 33-50

DeLancey, Scott. 1983. “Agentivity and causation: Data from Newari.” Berkeley Linguistic Society 9

Doherty, Victor S. 1978. “Notes on the origins of the Newars of the Kathmandu valley.” James F. Fischer (ed.). Himalayan Anthropology: The Indo-Tibetan Interface. Paris/Gravenhage: Mouton Publishers. 433-445

Friedman, Lindsay, Tej Ratna Kansakar, Jyoti Tuladhar & Austin Hale. 1983. “On the variants of Newari vowels.” D. Derbyshire (ed.). Workpapers of the Summer Institute of Linguistics. Grand Forks, North Dakota: Summer Institute of Linguistics. Vol. 27:37-72

Genetti, Carol. 1986. The grammaticalization of the Newari verb tol. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, 9.2. 53-70

Genetii, Carol. 1986. The syntax of the Newari non-final construction. Eugene, Oregon: University of Oregon MA thesis

Genetti, Carol. 1986. “Juncture, nexus, operators and the Newari non-final construction.” Scott DeLancey & Russell S. Tomin (eds.). Proceedings of the second annual meeting of the Pacific Linguistics Conference. Eugene: University of Oregon, Department of Linguistics. 173-86

Genetti, Carol. 1988. “A constrastive study of the Dolakhali and Kathmandu Newari dialects.” Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale 27.2. 161-91

Genetti, Carol. 1988. “A syntactic correlate of topicality in Newari narrative.” Sandra A. Thompson and John Haiman, eds. Clause combining in grammar and discourse. Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 29-48

Genetti, Carol. 1991. “From Postposition to Subordinator in Newari.” In: Elizabeth Closs Traugott & Bernd Heine (eds.): Approaches to Grammaticalization, Volume II. Amsterdam / Philadelphia: John Benjamins (Typological Studies in Language, 19). 227-56

Genetti, Carol. 1993. “On the morphological status of casemarkers in Dolakha Newari.” Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, 16.1. 57-73

Genetti, Carol. 1993. “Object relations and dative case in Dolakha Newari.” UC Santa Barbara, Manuscript

Genetti, Carol. 1994. A Descriptive and Historical Account of the Dolakha Newari Dialect. Tokyo: Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (Monumenta Serindica, 24)

Genetti, Carol. 1994. On the status of glides in Dolakha Newari. Hajime Kitamura, Tatsuo Nishida & Yasuhiko Nagano, eds. Current Issues in Sino-Tibetan Linguistics. Osaka: Organizing Committee for the 26th International Conference on Sino-Tibetan Languages and Linguistics. 759-66

Genetti, Carol. 1997. “Object Relations and Dative Case in Dolakha Newari.” Studies in Language, 21/1:37-68

Genetti, Carol. 2003. “Dolakhā Newār.” Graham Thurgood and Randy J. LaPolla (eds.). The Sino-Tibetan Languages. London: Routledge. 353-370

Genetti, Carol. 2003. “Syntax, prosody, and typology: Evidence from prosodic embedding in Dolakha Newar.” Amina Mettouchi and Gaëlle Ferré (eds.). Proceedings of IP 2003, Interface Prosodiques/Prosodic Interface. Nantes, France: Acoustique, Acquisition, Interpretation. 111-116

Genetti, Carol & Keith Slater. 2004. “An Analysis of Syntax and Prosody Interactions in a Dolakhāa Newar Rendition of The Mahāabhāarata.” Himalayan Linguistics Journal 1. 1-91.

Genetti, Carol. 2005. “The participial construction in Dolakha Newar: Syntactic implications of an Asian converb.” Studies in Language 29 (1): 35-87

Genetti, Carol. 2007. A Grammar of Dolakha Newar. (Mouton Grammar Library). Berlin / New York: Mouton de Gruyter

Genetti, Carol. in press. Dolakha Newar. Graham Thurgood & Randy LaPolla, eds. Sino-Tibetan Languages. Curzon Press

Genetti, Carol. in press. “Complementation in Dolakha Newar.” Robert M. W. Dixon and Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald (eds.). Complementation: A Cross-Linguistic Typology.(Explorations in Linguistic Typology 3.) Oxford: Oxford University Press. 137-158

Givón, T. 1985. “Ergative morphology and transitivity gradients in Newari.” Franz Plank (ed.). Relational Typology. (Trends in Linguistic Studies and Monographs, 28). Berlin: Mouton. 89-108

Hale, Austin. 1970. “Newari segmental synopsis.” F.K. Lehman (ed.). Occasioinal papers of the Wolfenden Society on Tibeto-Burman Linguistics. Vol. 3, part 1. 300-27

Hale, Austin. 1970. “Newari higher levels.”  F.K. Lehman (ed.). Occasioinal papers of the Wolfenden Society on Tibeto-Burman Linguistics. Vol. 3, part 2. 133-281

Hale, Austin. 1971. “Person markers: conjunct and disjunct verb forms.” In: R.L. Trail et al. (eds.): Papers in South East Asian Linguistics 7. Canberra: Australian National University. 95-106

Hale, Austin. 1973. “On the form of verbal bases in Newari.” B. Kachro et al. (eds.). Issues in Linguistics: Papers in Honor of Henry and Rene Kahanee. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. 279-99

Hale, Austin & Iswaranda Shresthacarya. 1973. “Is Newari a classifier language?”. Contributions to Nepalese Studies 1/1:1-21

Hale, Austin & Thakur Lal Manandhar. 1980. “Case and role in Newari.” R. Trail et al. (eds.). Papers in South-East Asian Linguistics. No. 7. Canberra: Australian National University. 79-93

Hale, Austin. 1980. “Person Markers: Finite Conjunct and Disjunct Verb Forms in Newari.” Ronald L. Trail (ed.): Papers in South-East Asian Linguistics, No. 7. Canberra: Department of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, The Australian National University (Pacific Linguistcs, Series A - No. 53). 95-106

Hale, Austin.1985. “Noun phrase form and cohesive function in Newari.” Pieper & Stickel (eds.). Studia Linguistica Diachronica et Synchronica. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 303-21

Hale, Austin. 1987. “User’s guide to the Newari dictionary.” In Thakur Lal Manandhar. Newar-English Dictionary. Anne Vergati (ed.). Delhi: Agam Kala Prakashan

Hale, Austin. & Kedar P. Shrestha. 1999. “On the Senses of the Newar Conjunctive Participle. -a.” In: Yadava & Glover (eds.). Topics in Nepalese Linguistics. Kathmandu: Royal Nepal Academy. 297-336

Hale, Austin & Kedār P. Shrestha. 2006. Newār (Nepāl Bhāsā). München: Lincom Europa. (Languages of the World/Materials, 256)

Hargreaves, David. 1983. Evidentiality in Newari. University of Oregon thesis

Hargreaves, David J. 1986. “Independent verbs and auxiliary functions in Newari.” Proceedings of the 12th Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society 12:401-12

Hargreaves, David. 1990. Viewpoint indexing in grammar and discourse: A study of Kathmandu Newari. Department of Linguistics, University of Oregon, manuscript

Hargreaves, David J. 1991. The concept of intentional action in the grammar of Kathmandu Newari. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oregon

Hargreaves, D. 1991. “The conceptual structure of intentional action: data from Kathmandu Newari.” Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society 17: 379-89

Hargreaves, David. 1996. “From interrogation to topicalization: Proto-Tibeto-Burman *la in Kathmandu Newar.” Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 19.2:31-44

Hargreaves, David. 2003. “Kathmandu Newar (Nepāl Bhās.ā).” Graham Thurgood and Randy LaPolla (eds.) The Sino-Tibetan Languages. London: Routledge. 371-384

Hargreaves, David. 2004. "Directional prefixes in Kathmandu Newar." In Anju Saxena (ed.), Himalayan Languages. Past and Present. Berlin / New York: Mouton de Gruyter. 273-84. (Trends in Linguistics, Studies and Monographs, 149)

Hargreaves, David. 2005. “Agency and intentional action in Kathmandu Newar.” Himalayan Linguistics 5: 1-48

Hargreaves, D. (forthcoming). “Intentional action in Kathmandu Newar.” In G. van Driem & W. Winter (eds.). Himalayan Linguistics. Trends in Linguistics Series. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter

Hashimoto, Mantaro. 1977. The Newari Language: A classified lexicon of its Bhadagaon dialect. Tokyo: Institute for the Study of the Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (Monumenta Serindica, 2)

Jørgensen, Hans. 1931. vicitrakarn.ikavadânoddhr.ta. London: The Royal Asiatic Society

Jørgensen, Hans. 1936. A Dictionary of the Classical Newārī. København: Munksgaard. (Det Kgl. Danske Videnskabernes Selskab. Historisk-filologiske Meddelelser. XXIII, 1.)

Jørgensen, Hans. 1939. batisputrikâkathâ: A tale of thirty-two statuettes. Copenhagen: Munksgaard

Jørgensen, Hans. 1941. A Grammar of the Classical Newārī. København: Munksgaard. (Det Kgl. Danske Videnskabernes Selskab. Historisk-filologiske Meddelelser. XXVII, 3.)

Joshi, Sundar Krishna. 1984. A Descriptive Study of the Bhaktapur Dialect of Newari. Deccan College, University of Poona dissertation

Joshi, Sundar Krishna. 1986. “Case suffixes and their oblique forms in Newari.” Department of Newari, Tribhuvan University, Manuscript

Joshi, Sundar Krishna. 1988. “Kathmandu Newari on the threshold of change.” Rolamba 8/1:29-37

Joshi, Sundar Krishna. 1992. nepaal bhaa.saayaa bhaa.saavaijnyaanika (A linguistic grammar of nepaal (Newar)). Kathmandu: Lacoul Publications

Kansakar, Prem Bahadur. 1966 [B.S. 2023]. nyaMkaM bAkhaM. [Stories Told]. Kathmandu: Himancal Pustak Bhawan

Kansakar, Tej Ratna. 1977. “Rhythm and intonation in colloquial Newari.” Contributions to Nepalese Studies 4/1:1-14

Kansakar, Tej Ratna. 1979. A Generative Phonology of Kathmandu Newari. Tribhuvan University dissertation

Kansakar, Tej Ratna. 1980. “The treatment of glides in Newari phonology.” Nepalese Linguistics 1:9-16

Kansakar, Tej Ratna. 1981. “Newari language and linguistics: a conspectus.” Contributions to Nepalese Studies 8.2:1-18

Kansakar, Tej Ratna. 1982. “Morphophonemics of the Newari verb.” Occasional papers in Nepalese Linguistics. 12-29

Kansakar, Tej Ratna. 1983. “Syllable structure in Newari.” Nepalese Linguistics 2:63-75

Kansakar, Tej Ratna. 1994. “Verb citation in the Classical Newari Dictionary.” Papers from the First Asia International Lexicography Conference 1992. Manila: Summer Institute of Linguistics. 225-39

Kansakar, Tej Ratna. 1994. “Grammaticalization of verbs in classical and modern Newari.” Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 17.1:81-97

Kansakar, Tej Ratna. 1997. “The Newar language: a profile.”  Newaah Vijnyaana: Journal of Newar Studies 1.1: 11-28

Kansakar, Tej Ratna. 1999. “Verb Agreement in Classical Newar and Modern Newar Dialects.” In: Yadava & Glover (eds.). Topics in Nepalese Linguistics. Kathmandu: Royal Nepal Academy. 421-43

Kansakar, Tej R. 1999. “The syntactic typology of Newar and Tamang languages.” Gipan 1 (1): 1-42

Kansāakāar, Tej Ratna. 2005. “Classical Newar Verbal Morphology and Grammaticalization in Classical and Modern Newar.” Himalayan Linguistics Journal 3. 1-21.

Kiryu, Kazuyuki. 1999. 'A contrastive Study of Aspectual Auxillary verbs in Newari and Japanese, with Special Reference to cwane and taye'. Nepalese Linguistics 16: 41-53

Kiryu, Kazuyuki. 2000. 'A Note on Perfect Aspect in Newari'. Bulletin of mimasaka Women's College 45: 45-50

Kiryu, Kazuyuki. 2000. 'A Collection of Examples and Usages of Basic Newar Verbs.' A Report of the Contrastive Study of Basic Predicates Between japanese and Neawari with a Grant-in-Aid for Exploratory Research. The Ministery of Education, Scinece, Sports, and Culture

Kiryu, Kazuyuki. 2004. "Types of Verbs and Functions of the Causative Suffix .k in Newar". Kobe Papers In Linguistics No. 4 Dec, 2004: 1-9

Khatry, Prem Kumar. 1986. Childbearing and socialization among the Newar of Dolakha and Bungmati: A study on the impact of cultural change and continuity. University of California, Riverside dissertation

Kölver, Ulrike & Bernhard Kölver. 1975. “On Newari noun inflection.” Zentralasiatische Studien 9:87-117. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz

Kölver, Ulrike. 1976. Satztypen und Verbsubkategorisierung der Newari. München: Fink (Struktura, 10)

Kölver, Ulrike. 1977. Nominalisation and lexicalisation in modern Newari. Köln (Arbeiten des Kölner Universalien-Projektes, 30)

Kölver, Ulrike. 1978. “On Newari noun phrases.” H. Seiler (ed.). Language Universals. Tübingen. 277-300

Kölver, Ulrike & Bernhard Kölver. 1978. “Classical Newari verbal morphology.” Zentralasiatische Studien 12:273-316. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz

Kölver, Ulrike and Iswaranand Shresthacarya. 1994. A Dictionary of Contemporary Newari (Newari-English). Bonn: VGH Wissenschaftsverlag

Langdon, Margaret (ed.). 1988. Linguistic notes from La Jolla (Newari issue). La Jolla: University of California, San Diego, Department of Linguistics

Lienhard, Siegfried. 1963. Manicudavadânoddhrta: A Buddhist Rebirth Story in the Nevari Language. Stockholm (Acta Universitas Stockholmnis, 4)

Lienhard, Siegfried. 1974. Nevârigitimañjari: Religious and Secular Poetry of the Nevars of the Kathmandu Valley. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell

Mali, Indra. 1979. dolakha bhashika va chum: sambandhi cwasu muna. Kathmandu: Cibhaa Prakasan

Mali, Indra. 1979/80 (= N.S. 1099) “dolakhâ bhâsikâyâ kriyâpad: chagu adhyayam.” (“A study on the verbal morphology of the Dolakha dialect”). Nhâykâ 1:1

Mali, Indra. 1980/81 (= N.S. 1100). “dolakhâ bhâsikây chapulu.” (“An observation on the dolakha dialect”). Jah 16:9

Malla, Kamal P. 1982. Classical Newari Literature: a Sketch. Kathmandu: Educational Enterprises

Malla, Kamal P. 1985. The Newari Language: A Working Outline. Tokyo: Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA), Tokyo University of Foreign Studies. (Monumenta Serindica, 14)

Malla, Kamal P. 1990. “The earliest dated document in Newari: the palmleaf from Uku Baahaah NS 235/AD 1114.” Kailash 16.1-2:15-26

Malla, Kamal P (chief editor). 2000. A Dictionary of Classical Newari. Compiled from Manuscript Sources by the Nepal Bhasa Dictionary Committee

Manandhar, Thakur Lal. 1987. Newar-English Dictionary, ed. by Anne Vergati. Delhi: Agam Kala Prakashan

Matsuse, Ikuko 1996. 'Newaaru-go no Hukushi-setsu Kouzou: Ku kara Setsu eno Katumiki' [The structure of adverbial clauses in Newari: the gradation from the phrase to clause]. Gengo Kenkyuu no Ryouiki: Kobayashi Tamotsu Hakushi Koki Kinen Ronbun-shuu [The Sphere of Linguistic Investigations: a Festschrift for Dr. Tamotsu Koizumi]. Tokyo: Daigaku-Shorin. 417-28

Matsuse, Ikuko 1997. 'Motion Verbs and Subjectivity in Newari'. Bunkagaku Nenpou [The Annual Reports of Humanities and Social Sciences]: 16: 17-30. Kyogo: Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Kobe Univ.

Matsuse, Ikuko 2000. 'The Basic Use and their Extentions of the Motion Verbs "wane/waye" in Newari'. Proceedings of the 24th Annual Meeting. Kansai Linguistic Scoiety. 175-85

Nagano, Yasuhiko. 1986. “A checklist of Newari ergativity.” Hiroshi Ishii et al. (eds.). Anthropological and linguistic studies of the Kathmandu Valley and the Gandaki area in Nepal. Tokyo: Institute for the study of languages and cultures of Asia and Africa (Monumenta Serindica, 15). 167-86

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Shakya, C.D. 1980. Semantics of Newari. Poona University, M.Phil. dissertation

Shakya, Daya Ratna. 1989. “Newari dialects.” Department of Linguistics, University of Oregon, manuscript

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Shakya, Hem Raj. 1981. Sivadeva-samkâ ritâ-sri-rudravarna-mahâvihâra-sthita- tâlapatra-abhilekha. (“The palm leaf document of the time of Sivadeva deposited at Rudravarna Mahavihara”). Patan

Shakya, Raja. 1981. “nepâl bhâsâyâ chakacâ dolakhâ bhâsây chapulu.” (“An observation on Dolakha, a dialect of Newar”). Situ 56

Shrestha, Omkareshwor. 2000. Verb morphology in the Tansen dialect of Nepal Bhasha. M.A. Thesis, Central Department of English, Tribhuvan University

Shrestha, Omkareshwor. 2001. Tansen Neva: Bhasikay Rupayana Paddhati [Inflection system in the Tansen dialect of Nepalbhasa]. Yala: Nepalmandala Gha:ca:dhuku

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Shrestha, Rudra Laksmi. 2000. Dolakhā Newa: Bhayyā Kriya: Chagu Adhyayan [Verb Morphology of Dolakha Newa: A Study]. Yala: Nepalmandala Gha:ca:dhuku

Shrestha, Rudra Laxmi. 2003. “Verbal morphology of the Badikhel Pahari dialect of Newar.” Tej Ratna Kansakar & Mark Turin (eds.). Themes in Himalayan Languages. Heidelberg: South Asia Institute & Kathmandu: Tribhuvan University. 145-162

Shrestha, Uma. 1990. Social networks and code-switching in the Newar community of Kathmandu City. Ph.D. diss, Department of Linguistics, Ball State University

Shrestha, Yaclav Kumari. 2002. Dolakhako Newari ra Nepāli Bhasaka Vakyaraccanako Vyatireki Adhyayan [Contrastive study of Nepali and Newari languages of Dolakha]. M.A. thesis, Nepali Department, Tribhuvan University

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Tamot, Kashinath. 1985. “Bhāsā kālakrama vijñānakatham. khvapayā Nepāla bhāsā [Lexicostatics of Bhaktapur Newari].” Gan 5.5: 143-157

Tamot, Kashinath. no date. “Ancient Newari infinitival suffix.” Department of Newari, Tribhuvan University, Manuscript

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Turin, Mark. 1999. “Shared Words, Shared History? The Case of Thangmi and Late Classical Newar.” Newâh Vijnana - The Journal of Newar Studies, 3:9-17

Turin, Mark. 2004. "Newar-Thangmi Lexical Correspondences and the Linguistic Classification of Thangmi." Journal of Asian and African Studies 68:97-120

Turin, Mark. forthcoming. “What are we counting exactly? - Thangmi and Newar numeral classifiers.” Himalayan Research Bulletin. Portland, Oregon: Nepal Studies Association

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van Driem, George. 2003. “Mahakiranti or Newaric?” Tej Ratna Kansakar & Mark Turin (eds.). Themes in Himalayan Languages and Linguistics. Heidelberg: South Asia Institute / Kathmandu: Tribhuvan University. 21-26