2011. Witzlack-Makarevich, A. Typological Variation in Grammatical Relations Leipzig: University of Leipzig doctoral dissertation.



in preparation

  • (with Balthasar Bickel, Lennart Bierkandt, and Taras Zakharko) Alignment across the lexicon.
  • (with Lennart Bierkandt, Taras Zakharko, and Balthasar Bickel) Diachronic trends in the alignment of the Kiranti agreement system.
  • (with Taras Zakharko, Lennart Bierkandt, Fernando Zúñiga, and Balthasar Bickel) Decomposing hierarchical alignment: co-arguments as conditions on alignment (draft)



  • Katharina Haude and Alena Witzlack-Makarevich. Referential hierarchies and alignment: An overview. In Linguistics 54 (3):  433–441.
  • Alena Witzlack-Makarevich, Taras Zakharko, Lennart Bierkandt, Fernando Zúñiga and Balthasar Bickel. Decomposing hierarchical alignment: Co-arguments as conditions on alignment and the limits of referential hierarchies as explanations in verb agreement. In Linguistics 54 (3): 531–561.
  • Eva van Lier, Alena Witzlack-Makarevich and Joana Jansen. Referential and lexical factors in alignment variation of trivalent verbs. In  Linguistics 54 (3): 563–616.



  • Bickel, Balthasar, Alena Witzlack-Makarevich, Taras Zakharko, Giorgio Iemmolo. 2015. Exploring diachronic universals of agreement: alignment patterns and zero marking across person categories. In Fleischer, Jürg, Elisabeth Rieken, Paul Widmer (eds.) Agreement from a Diachronic Perspective, 29–52. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.
  • Bickel, Balthasar, Alena Witzlack-Makarevich and Taras Zakharko. 2015. Typological evidence against universal effects of referential scales on case alignment. In Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, Ina, Andrej Malchukov and Marc Richards (eds.) Scales: A cross-disciplinary perspective on referential hierarchies, 7–44 Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.(draft)
  • Balthasar Bickel, Alena Witzlack-Makarevich, Kamal K. Choudhary, Matthias Schlesewsky, Ina Bornkessel-Schlesewsky. 2015. The neurophysiology of language processing shapes the evolution of grammar: evidence from case marking. PLoS ONE 10(8): e0132819. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0132819
  • Ernszt, Martina, Alena Witzlack-Makarevich und Güldemann, Tom. 2015. Valency in Nǁng. In Malchukov, Andrej und Bernard Comrie (Hrsg.). Valency Classes in the World’s Languages. Volume 1: Introducing the Framework, and Case Studies from Africa and Eurasia, 185–220. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.
  • Marquard, Carina, Oliver Niebuhr und Alena Witzlack-Makarevich. 2015. Phonetic reduction of clicks – Evidence from Nǀuu. In Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. Glasgow, UK: the University of Glasgow. Paper number 0240.



  • (with Taras Zakharko, Lennart Bierkandt, and Balthasar Bickel) Semantic role clustering: An empirical assessments of semantic role types. Studies in Language 38:3, 485–511.



  • (with Balthasar Bickel, Giorgio Iemmolo, and Taras Zakharko) Patterns of alignment in verb agreement (draft). In: Bakker, D. & M. Haspelmath (eds.) Languages across boundaries: Studies in memory of Anna Siewierska, 15–36. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton
  • (with Balthasar Bickel) Towards a questionnaire on grammatical relations: a project bridging between typology and field linguistics. In Tomsk Journal of Linguistics and Anthropology 2 (2). (draft).




Recent presentations and posters


  • Witzlack-Makarevich, Alena. 2016. Typologizing restrictions on agreement: Agreement suspension in the languages of Africa and beyond. An invited  talk at Afrikalinguistisches Kolloquium, Seminar für Afrikawissenschaften, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 12th of January 2016.
  • Witzlack-Makarevich, Alena. 2016. Typological Variation of Grammatical Relations. An invited talk at the Linguistics Department of Aarhus University, 2nd of February 2016.
  • Güldemann, Tom and Alena Witzlack-Makarevich. 2016. Towards a comprehensive annotated corpus of Shona: design, compilation and possible applications. Presented at the workshop Changing patterns in the Shona novel from Zimbabwe: A linguistic literary analysis (Chinhoyi University of Technology, 23rd February 2016).
  • Witzlack-Makarevich, Alena. 2016. Using corpora for grammar writing and dictionary making. An invited  talk at the Makerere University, 27th of March 2016.
  • Witzlack-Makarevich, Alena. 2016. From fieldwork to a reference grammar: 
do's and don'ts of writing a grammar 
of an endangered language. An invited talk at the Makerere University, 27th of March 2016.
  • Sands, Bonny and Alena Witzlack-Makarevich. Towards a dictionary of N|uu. Presented at "Challenges of Electronic Dictionary Publication“. University of Leipzig. 8-9 April 2016. (abstract, slides)
  • Janic, Katarzyna and Alena Witzlack-Makarevich. The crosslinguistic diversity of antipassives: function, meaning and structure. Presented at SLE 2016 (49th Annual Meeting of the Societas Linguistica Europaea), 31 August–3 September 2016. University of Naples Federico II, Naples.
  • Neshcheret, Nataliia and Alena Witzlack-Makarevich. Passives with intransitive verbs: typology and distribution. Presented at PLM2016 (46th Poznań Linguistic Meeting), 15–17 September 2016, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań.
  • Witzlack-Makarevich, Alena. 2016. Typological variation of grammatical relations: How to capture it and what it tells us. Presented at "Typology of Morphosyntactic parameters", 12th of  October 2016, Moscow State University of Education.



  • Balthasar Bickel, Jan Strunk, Swintha Danielsen, Iren Hartmann, Brigitte Pakendorf, Søren Wichmann, Alena Witzlack-Makarevich, Taras Zakharko, Frank Seifart. Noun-to-verb ratio and word order. Diversity linguistics: retrospect and prospect, 1–3 May 2015 (MPI EVA, Leipzig, Germany)
  • Güldemann Tom and Alena Witzlack-Makarevich. Socio-historical classification of Khoekhoe groups. Presented at “Speaking (of) Khoisan: A symposium reviewing southern African prehistory". MPI EVA, Leipzig, 14-16 May 2015. (link)



  • A. Witzlack-Makarevich, B. Bickel, T. Zakharko. 2014. Typological evidence against universal effects of referential scales on differential case marking. Conference on The Diachronic Typology of Differential Argument Marking. University of Konstanz.
  • Marquard, C., O. Niebuhr, A. Witzlack-Makarevich. 2014. Acoustic characteristics and variation of clicks in the endangered language N|uu. 14th International Conference on Laboratory Phonology, Tokyo, Japan. Poster.
  • Seifart, F., J. Strunk, B. Bickel, B. Pakendorf, A. Witzlack-Makarevich, I. Hartmann, S. Danielsen, S. Wichmann, T. Zakharko: Noun to verb ratio and word order. 8th Days of Swiss Linguistics. Universität Zürich.
  • Balthasar Bickel, Jan Strunk, Swintha Danielsen, Iren Hartmann, Brigitte Pakendorf, Søren Wichmann, Alena Witzlack-Makarevich, Taras Zakharko, Frank Seifart. 2015. Noun-to-verb ratio and word order. Diversity linguistics: retrospect and prospect, 1–3 May 2015 (MPI EVA, Leipzig, Germany)


Databases and electronic corpora

  • 2012. AUTOTYP dataset of agreement marking (with Kevin Bätscher, Lennart Bierkandt, Giorgio Iemmolo, Taras Zakharko and Balthasar Bickel)
  • 2012. (with Lennart Bierkandt, Kevin Bätscher, Taras Zakharko and Balthasar Bickel) AUTOTYP dataset of case marking.
  • 2012. (with Martina Ernszt, Sven Siegmund, and Tom Güldemann) Text Corpus of Nǀuu.
  • 2012. (with Martina Ernszt and Tom Güldemann) Valency classes of Nǁng. (a cooperation with the projekt Valency classes in the world's languages) ( draft )


Edited volumes


  • Witzlack-Makarevich, A., M. Ernszt. 2013. Khoisan Languages and Linguistics. Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium July 7-9, 2008, Riezlern/Kleinwalsertal. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe. (link)



  • 2014. Witzlack-Makarevich, Alena and Csilla Kász.. Review of Impersonal Constructions: A Cross-Linguistic Perspective ed. by Andrej Malchukov, Anna Siewierska (review). Anthropological Linguistics 56:2, 226-228.
  • 2008. Review of Brahui, a Dravidian Language (2006) by Mikhail S. Andronov, (Lincom: München) in LinguistList 16 December 2008.
  • 2008. Review of Exploring the Syntax-Semantics Interface (2005) by Robert D. Van Valin, Jr. (Cambridge University Press) in Linguistische Berichte 213, pp. 117-120.
  • 2007. Review of The Tujia Language (2006) by Cecilia Brassett, Philip Brassett and Meiyan Lu (Lincom: München) in LinguistList 29 January 2007.